Students in Texas’ schools can be removed from their regular classrooms with in-school suspensions (ISS), out-of-school suspensions (OSS), Disciplinary Alternative Education Program placements (DAEP), and expulsions. Some of these removals are required by law (for serious behaviors), but most removals are discretionary, made in response to violations of the district’s Student Codes of Conduct. This means that schools are often choosing to address student behavior by removing kids from class, rather than using more effective interventions that model appropriate behavior. According to some districts’ Student Code of Conduct, students can be removed from their classrooms for behavior like “dress code violations,” “horseplay,” and “violating safety rules.”
Even very young students are being removed from their classrooms.
In the 2013-2014 school year, Texas schools issued 88,310 out-of-school suspensions and 193,819 in-school suspensions to young children:
Texas Appleseed is working to end the use of discretionary suspensions and alternative school placements for Texas students, beginning with the youngest children. Houston ISD, Austin ISD, Dallas ISD, and El Paso ISD have already adopted policies to eliminate these harmful classroom removals for students in pre-K through 2nd grades. These districts have joined a growing number of states and districts that have chosen to keep young students in class by limiting classroom removals, including Oregon, California, New Jersey, and Connecticut.